SKILLEN NAME FOUND IN COUNTY DOWN

FREEHOLD REGISTERS

 

Freeholders

A Freeholder had property that was owned outright (held in fee simple) or by lease for a life or lives such as the term of his life or the term of three lives named in the lease. For example a Hugh Skillen of Ballyveamore held a lease for the lives of John Bennett, Hugh Chesney and himself. A tenant who held his land for a definite period of time did not qualify as a freeholder. A person with a freehold of sufficient value, depending on the law at the time, could register to vote.

 

From 1727 to 1793 only Protestants with a forty-shilling freehold or higher, meaning a freehold worth at least 40 shillings per year above the rent, qualified to vote. In 1793 Catholics with at least a 40-shilling freehold were given the vote. Forty-shilling freeholders, both Catholic and Protestant had the vote until 1829 when all 40-shilling freeholders lost the vote. From 1829 a 10 pound freehold was required to vote.

 

In the latter part of the 18th century and into the 19th century landlords had some incentive to subdivide farms and to grant leases for lives. A freeholder with property of sufficient value could register to vote in elections. Some Irish landholders created freeholds, often by providing direct leases to people who previously were subtenants, in order to influence the landholder’s political influence, particularly after the disenfranchisement of Catholics in 1793. Free hold tenants could be persuaded to vote for their landlord’s chosen candidate in elections. (Taken from an extract from Irish Freeholders, Freemen and Voting Registers by Kyle J. Beit)

 

Name

Townland

Parish

Record Source

John Skillen

Cahard

Magheradrool

Freeholder 11 May1783-89

William Skillen

Ballykine

Magheradrool

Freeholder Register 1813-1821

John Skillen

Ballyveamore

Kilkeel

Freeholder Register 1813-1821

Hugh Skillen

Ballyveamore

Kilkeel

Freeholder Register 1813-21

James Skillen

Ballymacarret

Knockbreda

Freeholder Register 1813-1821

John Skillen

Drumhirk

Kilmood

Freeholder Register 1813-21

Richard Skillen

Carrickmannon

Killinchy

Freeholder Register 1813-21

William Skillen

Bangor

Bangor

Freeholder Registered 18 Jan 1821

Hugh Skillen

Ballyveamore

Kilkeel

Freeholder Register 1824

 

 

SKILLEN NAME FOUND IN TITHE APPLOTMENT

SURVEY BOOKS

 

Tithe was a tax on all agricultural land (originally a tenth of the produce) excepting only church lands and glebes and urban areas and it was paid by lease holders and occupiers, of all religions and denominations to the clergy of the Established Church of Ireland.

                       

Growing resentment against the tax forced the government to introduce a Tithe Composition Act 1823 which replaced payment in kind by payment in cash by landlords. In order to effect this change all agricultural land in the country, which was liable to pay the tithe, had to be surveyed and apploted (valued). During the period 1823 to 1837 a Tithe Applotment Survey was made in each civil parish for the whole of Ireland to determine the value of the tithe, the amount which occupiers of agricultural holdings should pay in tithes to the Church of Ireland. There is a manuscript book for every parish, giving the names of occupiers, the amount of land held, and the sums to be paid in tithes. The Skillen name is found among those who occupied agricultural land.

 

 

SURNAME

FIRST NAME

TOWNLAND

PARISH

RECORD SOURCE

Skillen

William

Ballytrim

Killyleagh

Tithe Applotment 1827

Skillen

William

Corporation

Killyleagh

Tithe Applotment 1827

Skillen

John

Tullyveery

Killyleagh

Tithe Applotment 1827

Skillen

Andrew

Tullymurray

Donaghmore

Tithe Applotment 1829

Skillen

Hugh

Drumbo

Drumbo

Tithe Applotment 1829

Skillen

Andrew

Ballybunden

Kilmood

Tithe Applotment 1829

Skillen

David

Ballykeigle

Kilmood

Tithe Applotment 1829

Skillen

John

Drumhirk

Kilmood

Tithe Applotment 1829

Skillen

John

Ballymageough

Kilkeel

Tithe Applotment 1830

Skillen

John Senior

Ballyveamore

Kilkeel

Tithe Applotment1830

Skillen

John Junior

Ballyveamore

Kilkeel

Tithe Applotment 1830

Skillen

William

Dunavin

Kilkeel

Tithe Applotment 1830

Skillen

Andrew Sr.

Glenloughan

Kilkeel

Tithe Applotment1830

Skillen

Andrew Jr.

Glenloughan

Kilkeel

Tithe Applotment 1830

Skillen

James

Glenloughan

Kilkeel

Tithe Applotment 1830

Skillen

John

Moneydarraghamore

Kilkeel

Tithe Applotment 1830

Skillen

John

Ballymageough

Kilkeel

Tithe Applotment 1830

Skillen

Thomas

Ballygrot

Bangor

Tithe Applotment 1833

Skillen

William

Carrickmannon

Killinchy

Tithe Applotment 1833

Skillen

John

Ballyrawer

Donaghadee

Tithe Applotment 1834

Skillen

Samuel

Ballyrawer

Donaghadee

Tithe Applotment 1834

Skillen

William

Magherascouse

Comber

Tithe Applotment 1834

Skillen

Hugh

Magherascouse

Comber

Tithe Applotment 1834

Skillen

John Jr.

Tonaghmore

Magherally

Tithe Applotment 1834

KERNS

 

 

 

 

Surname

Given Name

Townland

Parish

Record Source

Kerns

John

Gransha

Dromara

Tithe Applotment 1826

Kerns

Anne

Lisleen

Comber

Tithe Applotment 1834

Kerns

Anne

Ballykeel

Comber

Tithe Applotment1834

Kerns

Mrs.

Cherryvally

Comber

Tithe Applotment1834

Kerns

James

Comber

Comber

Tithe Applotment1834

Kerns

Widow

Tullinisky

Garvaghy

Tithe Applotment1834